Name: Damask Rose, Rose of Castile (Rosa × damascena)
Description: The Damask Rose is a perennial hybrid rose cultivar, a cross between R. moschata and R. gallica, originating in the Middle East where it grew wild. It was introduced to the West most likely by members of the Crusades as they returned to Europe. Today it is grown mainly for ornamental purposes as well as making rose water and various condiments from its aromatic flower heads. It is named after the city of Damascus in modern day Syria.
Detail of the stalks and thorns.
Size: The Damask Rose grows up to 2 - 3 metres tall if trained right. If left to grow as a ground cover it will rarely exceed heights of 50 cm.
Conditions:R. x damascena thrives best in well drained and somewhat acidic soils. An equal mixture of sun and shade should be available.
A bush showing signs of wilting, likely due to soil conditions.
Propagation: This plant spreads via seed through open pollination. Oftentimes it is also grafted from desirable specimens.
A flowering rose.
When to plant: Not being overly frost tolerant, it is recommended to plant a young Damask Rose in mid-spring to allow for rigorous growth before winter.