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Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale)

by atlea
Weeds (4)      Perennials (3)     

Name: Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale)

Description: T. officinale is a herbaceous perennial found in most temperate regions of the world. It is a very hardy and adaptable plant and thus often considered a weed as it competes for space and nutrients with other plants. However, it has many culinary applications as it is highly nutritious. It is also used medicinally as a diuretic as well as to treat liver and bile problems.

Size: If left to grow undisturbed, T. officinale generally reaches a height of between 5 - 40 cm. Heights of over 70 cm have also been recorded.

A dandelion, ca. 50 cm tall.

Conditions: As mentioned above, the dandelion is a very hardy plant and will thrive well in most environments. Seeds can remain dormant in the soil for years and germinate under favourable conditions.

T. officinale growing on dry, rocky ground.

Propagation: T. officinale propagates via seed, suspended by many little white/silver "parachutes" that carry it for considerable distances.

A row of dandelions growing by a train track.

When to plant: It is suggested to plant dandelion in spring. It grows to maturity quickly and can be harvested within only a few months.

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