Description: The lemon tree is an evergreen plant of fairly unknown origin. It is documented to have been grown in India and China at least 1000 BC and later introduced into Europe and the New World. It is mainly grown for its sour fruit which are of high value for many applications.
Size: The tree grows to around 5 - 7 metres tall.
Conditions:C. x limon prefers a slightly acidic and not all too nutrient-rich soil and needs long sunlight hours. It grows best in warm temperate climates, but is not overly susceptible to frost. It may sometimes be covered in lichen when conditions are humid.
Detail of a branch with lichen.
Propagation: Commercially it is usually grafted from desirable specimens to keep certain characteristics. It also grows by seed through open pollination.
When to plant: Depending on the climate one can plant a seed from late winter to early summer. It will take around 10 - 14 days for it to germinate and another 4 years before it bears the first fruit.