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Nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus)

by atlea

Name: Nasturtium, Garden Cress, Indian Cress (Tropaeolum majus)

Description: The Nasturtium is a herbaceous annual plant native to the Andes from Bolivia to Columbia and now found all over the world, most often as an ornamental plant as well as culinarily in salads as all parts of the plant can be consumed.

Size: T. majus can grow up to 1 metre tall without training it on wires or similar. Its round leaves generally grow to be around 3 - 7 cm in diameter.

A nasturtium growing tall inside a terrarium.

Conditions: This plant enjoys nutrient-rich, well watered soils and full sun exposure. It will also thrive relatively well in poor soils, however, the growth will be quite stunted.

A plant showing some wilting.

Propagation: T. majus propagates via seed through open pollination. It is also known to be grown solely from stem and leaf-stalk fragments, with no roots attached.

Detail of a flower.

When to plant: Early spring past the last frost is the recommended time for planting this species. It can also be grown indoors all year around if plenty of sun is available.
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